Blackheads are unwanted small bumps that pop up when the pores on our faces are clogged with dead skin cells and sebum. Contrary to common sense, blackheads are not dirt but rather a reaction between the oil and air which later oxidizes and gets its distinctive black color. So, let’s learn more about blackheads, explore what causes them and what they’re all about.

What Causes Blackheads?

Blackheads can occur on your nose, chin, or forehead due to many factors such as excessive oil production, hormonal changes, certain medications, and even some cosmetics. Genetics also play a role in the occurrence of blackheads, so, if your parents dealt with them, you might be in for a similar challenge.

How To Prevent Blackheads

If you don’t have blackheads on your face and want to prevent it, there are some things you need to pay attention to. The first measure you can take to prevent blackheads is to keep your skin clean. In this direction, you can opt for natural cleaners instead of chemical-containing products. Plus, refrain from picking at your face to prevent the transfer of bacteria and oil from your hands to your facial skin.

The next step to avoid blackheads is to opt for non-comedogenic skincare and makeup products. Comedogenic products block the pores on your skin and lead to larger blackheads, so you should refrain from them and choose lighter products. Don’t wear heavy and oily makeup and never forget to clean your makeup before going to bed. Remember that even moisturizers can clog your pores and trigger blackheads.

The Best Ways to Get Rid of Blackheads

If you are struggling with these unpleasant small bumps, don’t worry. Besides not being harmful, blackheads are not that hard to get rid of either. The one thing you need to keep in mind as the main principle of eliminating blackheads, though, is cleansing! Plus, do not squeeze your blackheads under any circumstance since it causes pores to get larger. Let’s have a closer look at the accurate ways of removing blackheads.

1. Open Your Pores with a Steam Session

Before cleaning your face from blackheads, you need to steam your face to open your pores. You can do this by leaning over a bowl of hot water or using a warm washcloth on your face for a few minutes. This makes it easier to remove the gunk from your pores.

2. Apply a Cooling Gel Mask or Soothing Serum

Products with salicylic acid and retinoids are commonly preferred for blackhead treatments since they actively prevent the formation of blackheads with regular use. Incorporate serums with salicylic acid into your skincare routine and watch those blackheads disappear with time.

3. Exfoliate Gently

Once your pores are prepped, exfoliate your skin gently with a mild exfoliator to slough away dead skin cells, helping to unclog pores and prevent future blackheads. Don’t go overboard—gentle circular moves will do the trick.